In countries such as Germany the mythological character Krampus was created to strike the fear of punishment into children who were naughty as opposed to the rewards given to children who were good by Saint Nicholas (270ad) who actually wasn't mythological but based on an actual person. He in fact was not a jolly fat man but was a bishop. Life was harder back then and there was a plethora of mythological characters that children had to be aware of. Probably the majority of these characters were developed to try to help children to make the right choices with regards to moral good or staying away from a dangerous stream where they could drown or not putting their hand in a hot oven etc. Krampus calls to mind other characters such as Jenny greenteeth who was a water hag and would allegedly take children and old people to their death in a river or stream. Older folks growing up in Christian communities might remember family members or Neighbors telling children to watch out or the devil AKA old Switchfoot would getcha. Today we have Elf on a Shelf (yawn) and perhaps it's because I'm half German and perhaps it's because I have a strange sense of humor I much prefer the old mythological characters of warning. Better be good kids or old Krampus is going to getcha!